Seminal Fluid Abnormality among Infertile Males: A Two-Center Based Study in Baghdad
Iraqi Postgraduate Medical Journal,
2020, Volume 19, Issue 2, Pages 0-0
Infertility is an inability to conceive naturally after one year of regular unprotected intercourse for
problems in either one partner or both causing a major cost burden for both patients and health care
To measure the proportion of different types of abnormalities of seminal fluid among infertile men
and to unravel the factors associated with such abnormalities.
PATIENTS AND METHODS:
A cross-sectional study in which a purposeful sample of 300 infertile males who attended infertility
department at Al- Imamain Al- Kadhimain Teaching Hospital and Baghdad Teaching Hospital
during the period from 1st of February to 31st of August, 2018 in Baghdad governorate-Iraq with at
least one- year infertility were included and interviewed for their demographic data and assessing
their seminal fluid parameters. Chi-square test was used to identify the significant association
between categorical variables and P-value of <0.05 was considered as statistically significant.
More than 75% of the studied group have primary infertility. Abnormal morphology
(teratozoospermia) was the most common type of semen defect found in the studied infertile males
(76%). A statistically significant association was found between occupation and seminal fluid
The majority of infertile males have primary infertility type and teratozoospermia was the most
common type of semen defect. percentage of semen defect has increased with increased age and has
correlated to occupational exposures.
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