Biofilm Formation on Intrauterine Device and Associated Infections
Iraqi Postgraduate Medical Journal,
2013, Volume 12, Issue 4, Pages 562-567
AbstractShafaq Tarik Burhan
Intrauterine devices are highly effective methods of contraception; but considered to cause pelvic inflammatory diseases by its colonization by bacteria and /or fungi and form biofilms consisting of layers of host cells and bacteria or fungi embedded within a matrix material.
To screen the microbial biofilms on intrauterine devices, and its associated infection in vagina and cervix in intrauterine devices users.
A case series design was adopted, composed of 50 participants. High vaginal and cervical swabs were taken and intrauterine devices were removed and sent for microbiological examination.
Eighty four percent of removed intrauterine devices were infected with biofilm containing different types of microorganisms and 92.8% of these infected IUDs were associated with high vaginal and cervical infection.
E.coli was found to be most common microorganism 61.5% of the infections, staphylococcus aureus 43.6%, Pseudomonas spp. 15.3%, candida albicans 10.3%, Neisseria gonorrhoea 5.1%.
There is high frequency of microbial biofilms formation on intrauterine devices and also high percentage of associated cervico-vaginal infections in intrauterine devices users.
KEY WORDS: intra uterine devices, biofilm, microbiological examination.
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